I. ABDEL AZIZ *, HALA J. EL-KHOZONDAR **, M. SHABAT***, KHITAM ELWASIFE***, A. MOHAMED-OSMAN****
*Deptartment of Biology, Islamic University of Gaza, Gaza-Palestine
** Electrical Engineering Department, Islamic University of Gaza, Gaza-Palestine
*** Deptartment of Physics, Islamic University of Gaza, Gaza-Palestine
****Deptartment of Physics, College of Science, Sudan University of Science and Technology, Sudan
Abstract. The present work investigated the effect of electromagnetic field (EMF) radiated from mobile telephones base stations with frequency equals 900 MHz on body weight, blood indices and some liver enzymes of albino rats after exposing them to the electromagnetic field for 2 weeks. This work focuses on the therapeutic action of vitamin C or E against harmful effects induced by electromagnetic field. Results showed that electromagnetic field exposure caused a significant decrease in a growth rate. Significant increase in the following blood indices: the white blood cell count (WBC) recording 19.80% as compared to control level, mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC) and blood platelets count (PLT). And a significant decrease in red blood cell count (RBC), hemoglobin incidence (HB), Hemetocrit value, the mean corpuscular volume (MCV) and mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC). Serum aminotransferase (AST), alkaline aminotransferase (ALT) and alkaline phosphatase were significantly increased under electromagnetic field exposure. Signs of improvements in the body weight rate, the hematological parameters and the serum of liver enzymes were noticed during treatments with electromagnetic field in addition to vitamin C or E.
Key words: Electromagnetic field, albino rats, body weight, blood indices, therapeutic effect, vitamin C or E.
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