Department of Physics, Government Science College, Nrupathunga Road, Bangalore-560001, India
The majority of total radiation dose received by the world population comes from background natural radiation. The distinguishing features of this radiation include relatively persistent exposure of a population at a specific place. The amount of background radiation that is generally present in the environment is greatly influenced by the inhalation of radon (Rn), thoron (Tn), and their offspring. In light of this, measurement of dose rate exposure due to granite flooring has been attempted in Bangalore. Fifteen different granite samples, used as flooring for construction in buildings, were examined for a period of three years. Solid state nuclear track detector-based dosimeters, can technique, and radiation survey meters have been used. All the experimental observations were made according to the standard protocols provided by the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, India. The arithmetic mean dose rate varied between 1.39 ± 0.06 and 2.09 ± 0.10 mSv y−1. The values of dose rates were found to be higher in granite and lower in coarse-grained dolerite. All 15 types of granite samples have undergone a minimum of 30 measurements. The greater activity concentration of radionuclides found in granite samples leads to higher dose rates.
Key words: Background gamma radiation, granite, Ra, Rn, Tn, dose rate