Biophysics Branch, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt, 44519
Static electric field (SEF) is permanently present in the environment and is associated with the presence of electrical charges. The aim of this work is to study the effect of tap water treated by static electric field on the liver and kidney function and on the complete blood count of albino rats. The examined rats were divided into two groups, with 8 animals in each group, along 6 weeks. Group-1, the control group, consisted of animals that consumed untreated tap water. Group-2 was composed of animals that consumed treated tap water that was exposed to a static electric field of 160 kV/m for 24 hours. The results indicated that the mean level of aspartate transaminase (AST) and alanine transaminase (ALT) activities and total bilirubin concentration were slightly increased in group-2 which amounted to 13.73%, 1.86%, and 4.16% respectively compared to group-1. On the other hand, there was a slight decrease in Hemoglobin concentration, hematocrit (HCT), mean corpuscular volume (MCV), mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH), and mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC), as well as erythrocyte counts (RBC) and platelet (PLT) count in blood samples of group-2. Our results revealed a very significant change in liver enzymes ALT, AST (p < 0.0001 and 0.0029, respectively) and no significant change in the total bilirubin. Also, no significant differences were noted in kidney function test urea and creatinine (p < 0.05).
Key words: Electrostatic field, liver and kidney function, complete blood picture, tap water.
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